Osteoporosis symptoms, Causes and Prevention

When a person reaches a certain age, the bones will also appear old, showing osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a group of metabolic bone lesions caused by various causes. It is characterized by normal calcification of bone tissue. The calcium salt and matrix are in a normal ratio, characterized by a decrease in the amount of bone tissue per unit volume (bones becomes porous and less dense). Usually, people think that osteoporosis is only a disease of the elderly. In fact, it also "favors" middle-aged women. 

Women are more likely to suffer from osteoporosis 

The incidence of osteoporosis in women is much higher than in men, because estrogen plays a very important role in bone metabolism. After 40 years of age, women's ovarian function begins to decline, estrogen decreases, and after menopause, it will cause a large amount of bone loss. Women will lose 5% of the lumbar spine bone mass and 2% of the bone skin mass every year within 5 years of menopause, and women will lose 50% of the lumbar spine bone mass and 30% of the bone skin mass during their lifetime. The following types of women are particularly susceptible to osteoporosis.

Thin and underweight; low-calcium diet, partial vegetarian diet; fear of sunbathing and inactivity, genetic predisposition; endocrine disorders; premature menopause; multiple births. 

Symptoms of osteoporosis 

Pain: Most common is back pain. The pain spreads to both sides along the spine. The pain is reduced when lying on the back or sitting, and the pain is increased when standing or sitting for a long time. 

Shortened length and kyphosis: The front of the vertebral body is almost composed of cancellous bone, which is easy to compress and deform, resulting in kyphosis and shorter. 

Fracture: This is the most common and severe complication of degenerative osteoporosis. 

Decreased breathing function: Spondylolisthesis and thoracic deformity can significantly reduce vital capacity and maximum ventilation. Patients often suffer from chest tightness, shortness of breath, and difficulty breathing. 

Osteoporosis Healthy Tips 

Estrogen therapy is considered to be the most effective way to prevent and reduce bone loss, and is usually applied to postmenopausal women. Boron can reduce the loss of calcium and magnesium from urine, so it helps prevent osteoporosis. But do not need to take boron supplements, just eat more fruits and vegetables. 

Exercise to prevent Osteoporosis

1. Weight-bearing exercise. Weight-bearing exercises such as running, weightlifting, and tai chi can help prevent the occurrence of osteoporosis, while non-weight-bearing exercises such as swimming cannot play a preventive role. 

2. Jumping exercise. Jumping exercise is the easiest, practical and effective way to increase bone density and prevent osteoporosis. Find a flat area, jump up and down with your feet, or jump rope. You can get good results by insisting on doing 50 jumps a day. 

3. Walk to get off work. This is also a good way to exercise. It not only does exercise, but also stores vitamin D after sun exposure, which promotes the absorption of calcium. 

Supplement calcium and vitamin D for Osteoporosis Prevention

1. Supplement calcium. Oral calcium agents, such as calcium carbonate, calcium phosphate, calcium lactate, and calcium gluconate are acceptable. Eat more calcium-rich foods such as milk, fish, shrimp, soy products, green vegetables, and sesame. 

2. Vitamin D supplementation. Vitamin D can promote the body's absorption of calcium, which can be taken from marine fish and cod liver oil. 

Astragalus Shrimp Soup For Osteoporosis Prevention 

Ingredients: 20 grams of astragalus, 50 grams of shrimp skin, appropriate amount of onion, ginger and salt. 
practice: 1. Astragalus slices into the pot, then add appropriate amount of water to cook for 40 minutes, remove the residue and juice.
2. Add the washed shrimp skin, green onion, ginger, salt and other seasonings to the astragalus juice, and simmer for 20 minutes on low heat. Serve as soup with meals. 

Efficacy: Tonic spleen and kidney, supplement calcium, prevent osteoporosis. 

Sesame walnut powder for Osteoporosis Prevention 

Material: 250 grams of black sesame seeds, 250 grams of walnut kernels, 50 grams of sugar. 
Method: 1. Remove the black sesame seeds, dry them, and cook them. 
2. Make black sesame seeds and walnut kernels as fine powder, add sugar, mix well and bottle. 2 times a day, each time 25 grams, warm water to adjust the service. 
Efficacy: nourish kidney and yin, prevent osteoporosis. 

Final Health tips For Osteoporosis Prevention 
In order to lose weight, some middle-aged women have adopted strict diet measures. Although dieting can reduce fat, it also loses valuable bone, which can easily lead to osteoporosis.

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